There are three types of hearing loss; sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and mixed hearing loss.

The three types of hearing loss are: sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and mixed hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss

Sensorineural hearing losses are permanent and this type of hearing loss accounts for approximately 90% of all hearing losses.  The most common sensorineural loss is caused by damage to the hair cells of the cochlea (inner ear).  Noise induced hearing loss and age related hearing loss (presbycusis) are examples of a sensorineural hearing loss.

Conductive hearing loss

Conductive hearing loss is caused by problems in the outer or middle ear that interferes with sound being ‘transported’ into the inner ear.  Conductive hearing losses can be temporary.  An example of a conductive hearing loss is otitis media, or a middle ear infection.

Mixed hearing loss

This loss is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.